New theories and research findings on the positive influence of music and art on health with ageing

Center on Aging, Health & Humanities, The George Washington University , Washington, USA

This review is about the latest theories of the underlying mechanisms that explain why music and art promote health and have positive influences on the course of illness with ageing.

It is also about the latest findings demonstrating the positive effects that music and the arts in general have on health with ageing; cost savings to society associated with these positive findings will also be discussed.

Occupational strain and professional artists: A qualitative study of an underemployed group

a School of Psychology , University of Ottawa , Ottawa, Canada b Centre for Research Expertise in Improved Disability Outcomes (CREIDO), University Health network Rehabilitation Solutions, Toronto , Canada c Family Health Centre, University Health Network , Toronto, Canada d Department of Family&Community Medice , University of Toronto , Canada e St. Joseph's Family Health Team, St. Joseph's Hospital , Toronto, Canada f Artists' Health Centre, University Health Network , Toronto, Canada g Department of Public Health Sciences & Health Policy, Management and Evaluation, University of Toronto , Toronto, Canada

Primary objective: The primary objective of this paper is to describe the occupational hazards and the health impacts that North American artists experience as a result of their profession.

Art-making and identity work: A qualitative study of women living with chronic fatigue syndrome/myalgic encephalomyelitis (CFS/ME)

School of Health Sciences and Social Care, Brunel University , Uxbridge, UK

Abstract Aims: Identity is at risk in chronic fatigue syndrome/myalgic encephalomyelitis (CFS/ME) because of physical dysfunction, role loss and stigmatisation. This qualitative study explored the contributions of leisure-based art-making to the positive reconstruction of identity for women living with this condition. Method: Thirteen women with CFS/ME participated. They offered reflective accounts about their engagement in art-making in interviews or in writing, which were then thematically analysed.

Attending cultural events and cancer mortality: A Swedish cohort study

a Department of Biosciences and Nutrition , Karolinska Institute , Sweden b Centre for Family and Community Medicine , Karolinska Institute , Sweden c The Red Cross University College of Nursing , Stockholm, Sweden d Norwegian Institute of Public Health , Oslo, Norway e Department of Epidemiology , The University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center , Houston, Texas, USA

Attendance at cultural events is associated with better survival and self-rated health. This study aimed to determine whether attendance at cinemas, theater, art galleries, live music shows, and museums was associated with cancer-related mortality. A randomly selected, cancer-free cohort of Swedish adults aged 25-74 years (n = 9011), formed in 1990-91, was followed up to 31 December 2003. The outcome measure was cancer-related mortality. The main independent variable was a cultural attendance index.

Metaphors of loss and transition: An appreciative inquiry

Department of Pediatrics , University of Florida , Gainesville, Florida, USA; St Francis Xavier University , Antigonish, Nova Scotia, Canada

In this qualitative research study, we have used the arts-based research methodology, Appreciative Inquiry, to conduct a broadly based thematic and narrative analysis of art, loss/transition, and healing in formal/institutional and informal/family healthcare settings. Drawing on 21 loosely structured 1-hour interviews with African, British, Canadian and US caregivers, we have identified 13 overlapping themes of loss and healing.

Morality, duty, and the arts in health: A project on Aboriginal underage pregnancy

University of Newcastle, Australia

Underage pregnancy in the Aboriginal population of Australia represents a serious set of physical, social, and mental problems. The shifts that have taken place in the population make-up of the communities due to this birth pattern are having detrimental effects on the well-being of individuals and families, including a destabilising of the sense of identity and belonging. The paper looks at the social and medical problems involved and summarises a project which aims to address them through the arts.

A note on designing evaluations of health effects of cultural activities at work

Stress research institute, Stockholm University; Department of Public Heath Services, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm; County of Vasternorrland, Sundsvaal, Sweden.

The present pilot study was performed as part of the preparation for a larger controlled evaluation of health effects of a work site-based cultural programme. Forty participants, 10 in each of 4 work sites, were exposed to cultural events that took place once a week during a 3-month period. Standardised health questionnaires were distributed and blood samples collected before and after the three-month period. Visual analogue scales were distributed before and after the event, and from those average emotional effects for each individual were calculated.

Arts, mental health and social inclusion

Centre for Arts and Humanities in Health and Medicine (CAHHM), University of Durham

This article considers how an evidence base may be found for the effectiveness of using arts in mental health care services. It looks at what arts in health work brings to the promotion of social inclusion and summarises current issues in the field. It calls for arts in health workers to share their practice and undertake research as a preliminary to evaluation. It outlines the contextual factors that appear to have a bearing on the successful development of arts in mental health services.

Mental Health, Social Inclusion and Arts: developing the evidence base.

Anglia Ruskin University, University of Central Lancashire

This report draws together the research carried out for the study Mental health, social inclusion and arts: developing the evidence base. The study was commissioned by the Department for Culture Media and Sport and the Department of Health following publication of the report Mental Health and Social Exclusion by the Social Exclusion Unit. The aims of the study were to identify appropriate indicators and measures of mental health and social inclusion outcomes, and to develop and implement an evaluation framework based on those indicators and measures.

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Supported using public funding by the Arts Council England