Research

On creating the discipline, profession, and evidence in the field of arts and healthcare

Organisation: 
Temple University, Philadelphia, US

There has been a burgeoning interest in arts and healthcare in recent years, as well as tremendous strides with regard to activities, conferences, and publications. Consideration needs to be given to the basic issues and definitions of the field of arts in healthcare in the United States that will advance this area of endeavor now and for the future, and especially to the following topics: (1) decisions regarding how the discipline of arts in healthcare will evolve, (2) specifications for the professionalization of arts in healthcare, and (3) evidence for the effectiveness of these practices.

The arts and global health inequities

Organisation: 
Global Alliance for the Arts in Health (US)

In a world beset by health challenges of enormous proportions, and increasing disparities in the well-being and health of the poor and the affluent within and between countries, it behoves the editors of the journal to consider the contributions the arts can make given such global realities. In particular, we need to address the challenge that the concerns of this journal are either an elitist luxury available only to the already advantaged, or an irrelevant distraction, offering little or nothing to the task of tackling major sources of ill health, suffering and premature death in the world.

Metaphors of loss and transition: An appreciative inquiry

Organisation: 
Department of Pediatrics , University of Florida , Gainesville, Florida, USA; St Francis Xavier University , Antigonish, Nova Scotia, Canada

In this qualitative research study, we have used the arts-based research methodology, Appreciative Inquiry, to conduct a broadly based thematic and narrative analysis of art, loss/transition, and healing in formal/institutional and informal/family healthcare settings. Drawing on 21 loosely structured 1-hour interviews with African, British, Canadian and US caregivers, we have identified 13 overlapping themes of loss and healing.

Morality, duty, and the arts in health: A project on Aboriginal underage pregnancy

Organisation: 
University of Newcastle, Australia

Underage pregnancy in the Aboriginal population of Australia represents a serious set of physical, social, and mental problems. The shifts that have taken place in the population make-up of the communities due to this birth pattern are having detrimental effects on the well-being of individuals and families, including a destabilising of the sense of identity and belonging. The paper looks at the social and medical problems involved and summarises a project which aims to address them through the arts.

Art-making and identity work: A qualitative study of women living with chronic fatigue syndrome/myalgic encephalomyelitis (CFS/ME)

Organisation: 
School of Health Sciences and Social Care, Brunel University , Uxbridge, UK

Abstract Aims: Identity is at risk in chronic fatigue syndrome/myalgic encephalomyelitis (CFS/ME) because of physical dysfunction, role loss and stigmatisation. This qualitative study explored the contributions of leisure-based art-making to the positive reconstruction of identity for women living with this condition. Method: Thirteen women with CFS/ME participated. They offered reflective accounts about their engagement in art-making in interviews or in writing, which were then thematically analysed.

Attending cultural events and cancer mortality: A Swedish cohort study

Organisation: 
a Department of Biosciences and Nutrition , Karolinska Institute , Sweden b Centre for Family and Community Medicine , Karolinska Institute , Sweden c The Red Cross University College of Nursing , Stockholm, Sweden d Norwegian Institute of Public Health , Oslo, Norway e Department of Epidemiology , The University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center , Houston, Texas, USA

Attendance at cultural events is associated with better survival and self-rated health. This study aimed to determine whether attendance at cinemas, theater, art galleries, live music shows, and museums was associated with cancer-related mortality. A randomly selected, cancer-free cohort of Swedish adults aged 25-74 years (n = 9011), formed in 1990-91, was followed up to 31 December 2003. The outcome measure was cancer-related mortality. The main independent variable was a cultural attendance index.

A note on designing evaluations of health effects of cultural activities at work

Organisation: 
Stress research institute, Stockholm University; Department of Public Heath Services, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm; County of Vasternorrland, Sundsvaal, Sweden.

The present pilot study was performed as part of the preparation for a larger controlled evaluation of health effects of a work site-based cultural programme. Forty participants, 10 in each of 4 work sites, were exposed to cultural events that took place once a week during a 3-month period. Standardised health questionnaires were distributed and blood samples collected before and after the three-month period. Visual analogue scales were distributed before and after the event, and from those average emotional effects for each individual were calculated.

Arts, mental health and social inclusion

Organisation: 
Centre for Arts and Humanities in Health and Medicine (CAHHM), University of Durham

This article considers how an evidence base may be found for the effectiveness of using arts in mental health care services. It looks at what arts in health work brings to the promotion of social inclusion and summarises current issues in the field. It calls for arts in health workers to share their practice and undertake research as a preliminary to evaluation. It outlines the contextual factors that appear to have a bearing on the successful development of arts in mental health services.

Mental Health, Social Inclusion and Arts: developing the evidence base.

Organisation: 
Anglia Ruskin University, University of Central Lancashire

This report draws together the research carried out for the study Mental health, social inclusion and arts: developing the evidence base. The study was commissioned by the Department for Culture Media and Sport and the Department of Health following publication of the report Mental Health and Social Exclusion by the Social Exclusion Unit. The aims of the study were to identify appropriate indicators and measures of mental health and social inclusion outcomes, and to develop and implement an evaluation framework based on those indicators and measures.

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Supported using public funding by the Arts Council England